In 2019, a private-public partnership in the potato value chain, coordinated by Bayer East Africa under the Smallholder Farming Initiative, centred around and throughout the potato value chain, allowed smallholder farmers to boost their incomes growing modern potato varieties under intensive management. This was realised by an integral value chain approach, in which potato smallholders were provided access to i) modern and affordable seed potatoes; ii) fertilisers; iii) chemicals; iv) technology; v) knowledge; vi) markets and vii) finance. Agrico East Africa supplied certified potato seed tubers of modern potato varieties, matching off-takers’ high quality requirements. The basic fertilizer program was modified using innovations from the project partner YARA East Africa. Control of pests and diseases was optimised through Bayer’s latest innovations. Quipbank Trust Ltd. supported the smallholders with modern ploughing, harrowing and ridging equipment. Carrefour – a renowned large retailer – purchased the produced potatoes from smallholders. Siraji Sacco stepped into the project with micro-financing support. Moreover, the whole project was implemented with the help of great support from Agricultural Extension Services staff from county governments. Demonstration plots – established on half-acre holdings in Narok, Meru and Molo Counties – were used as a live classroom. Throughout the entire potato growing cycle, all partners transferred their expertise to a total of 2,000 potato smallholders in the use of modern certified seed potatoes, the correct application of fertilizer and crop protection products to improve yields. Details of all the input costs, yields and market prices were collected to calculate smallholder income and profitability. The benefits of the training and innovations were measured for three different farmer groups:
- The basic smallholder who received no support and used his common potato varieties as input;
- The advanced smallholder who planted his common potato varieties and received coaching, agronomic training, and some fertilizer and crop protection innovations and
- The connected smallholder who received coaching, training and the full innovative input of modern seed potato varieties, fertilizer and crop protection products, as well as a secured selling connection via the project retail partner Carrefour.
As is commonly known, climate change hit Kenya hard in 2019. This resulted in long droughts first, followed by heavy rains and flushes afterwards. Yet even under these harsh weather conditions, the integral potato value chain – the “connected” smallholder – approach overwhelmingly illustrated how the strengths of public-private co-operation improved potato smallholders’ yield and income. The adoption of innovations and favourable value chain development paid off with increased marketable yields as the foundation for higher incomes and increased food security. An analysis of the input costs revealed that adopting the innovations reduced the production cost of 1 kg of marketable potatoes from 30 KES to 11 KES. Smallholders saw their yields go up from the national average of 7 tons/ha to as high as 49 tons per hectare. These increased yields combined with premium prices from Carrefour Supermarkets resulted in an average smallholder gross income that was 9 times higher than common practice.
The results of the integrated value chain approach generated a lot of positive energy. Both public and private partners expressed a great deal of interest in cooperating further and expanding this successful potato value chain approach to other counties with the overall aim of increasing farm incomes through connected smallholders. The humble potato is serving as a strong pillar for food security in Kenya, and the partners’ efforts are therefore fully in line with the Kenyan Government’s strategic Big Four agenda. Moreover modern potato varieties are boosting smallholders’ income throughout all Kenya!
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Contact Ms. Corien Herweijer for Agrico East Africa (under Potato Services Africa Ltd.) on firstname.lastname@example.org or 0713419782